Facing the signs of dementia can be difficult when done alone. As a broad term used to describe signs such as memory loss, a reduction in thinking ability, mental capacity, and logical reasoning, you might experience much mental distress when you find out that parts of your brain are damaged or diseased. Moreover, several diseases can cause dementia. Alzheimer’s disease may be the most well-known condition that leads to dementia in older adults, but many other diseases contribute to brain deterioration as well. Read on to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and types of dementia that may occur.
Symptoms of Dementia
If you suspect that you or a loved one is suffering from dementia, you could try monitoring for the following symptoms:
- Short-term memory problems
- Difficulty with complex tasks
- Confusion or disorientation
- Communication issues
- Difficulties with visual and spatial activities
- Trouble with coordination or motor functions
At times, the symptoms mentioned above can be accompanied by psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety, agitation, or personality changes. If you observe the symptoms listed above, it might be time to consult a doctor for professional advice.
Causes of Dementia
There are multiple possible causes of dementia. The most common ones include degenerative neurological diseases such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or Alzheimer’s disease. Conditions that affect the blood circulation in your brain could also lead to dementia. These include long-term drug or alcohol usage, traumatic brain injuries, or infections to the central nervous system. Doctors believe that about 20% of the causes of dementia could be reversible.
When assessing one’s risk for dementia, you could also consider lifestyle factors such as depression, the level of exercise the individual has, a history of dementia in the family, age, or a history of stroke.
Types of Dementia
There are two types of dementia that could affect one’s brain. The first is cortical dementia, which is related to problems impacting the outer layer of one’s brain. Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia affecting the cerebral cortex. The second form of dementia is subcortical dementia, which is related to problems affecting the brain beneath the cortex. Parkinson’s disease and HIV could cause subcortical dementia to occur.
Depending on which part of the brain is affected, several forms of dementia can be reversible. Otherwise, dementia would have to be managed and treated as best as possible.
Lead an Active Life at The Trace by Discovery Senior Living
We understand that experiencing dementia can be a distressing experience. At The Trace, we offer a SHINE® Memory Care program that aims to provide support and a sense of community for those with memory-related conditions. Here, our team will provide reassurance and tangible care so that you will know that you are not facing dementia alone. From the promotion of physical exercise to purposeful activities, healthy dining, and life enhancement activities, we offer active care to each and every resident in our community. If you are looking for a community where you or a loved one can receive assisted living care, do reach out to our friendly team at 833.596.2003 to learn more.